Cambronero, Shekainah Armie C.
December 7, 2011
“SOCIOLOGY and ANTHROPOLOGY”
1. Give the meaning:
- Sociology and Anthropology taken as a Subject
2. Differentiate Sociology from Anthropology
3. Why do we have to Study Sociology and Anthropology? Give 5 reasons.
The word ‘sociology’ has been derived from two terms, logus, which means science or study, and socius, which means group or partners. Hence Sociology deals with the study of groups. In a group, the interaction process is vital. From this, patterns of behavior evolve. Relationships developed and group life is achieved.
Sociology is the study of people and society. It examines our social institutions; our families, the state and social relationships like gender and ethnicity, to help make sense of how we both see and interpret our rapidly changing world.
Sociology examines how our behavior individually and in groups is influenced by social processes and what that means. In fact once you start seeing things with a sociological perspective – things will never be the same. It’s knowing how and why we do what we do that engages us with the world around us and makes us more effective agents for social change.
Anthropology is the study of humanity. The word ‘anthropology’ is taken from two Greek words logos, which means study, or logia to study, and anthropos, which means “man”.
Anthropology's basic concerns are "What defines human life and origins?", "How are social relations among humans organized?", "Who are the ancestors of modern Homo sapiens?", "What are humans' physical traits?", "How do humans behave?", "Why are there variations among different groups of humans?", "How has the evolutionary past of Homo sapiens influenced its social organization and culture?" and so forth.
Anthropology is the scientific study and analysis of human beings and humanity. Anthropologists seek to understand all the world's cultures, customs, artifacts, knowledge, habits, history, etc.
SOCIOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY TAKEN AS A SUBJECT
The two sciences have common subject matter. Both disciplines synthesize and generalize data about human behavior and social systems. Both are related to the humanities.
In the Sociology and Anthropology Department, students study human cultures and societies, past and present, on a comparative basis. Students seek to research and understand the social structures and values that shape our lives, the institutions and social forces in our own and other societies.
DIFFERENTIATE SOCIOLOGY FROM ANTHROPOLOGY
Sociology and anthropology are both areas of study that revolve around human behavior. Both utilize critical thinking and observation to find patterns and meaning in human behavior. While sociology and anthropology may seem similar, there are differences between them that make each area of study unique.
Started as the study of Western Civilization and later, of advanced and contemporary societies
Started with the study of the primitive or non-literate groups, considered exotic and queer by Westerners
Allows sampling at the subject of study
Makes use of the wholistic approach
Society and social processes
Study of social interaction at many different levels.
The American Anthropological Association separates anthropological study into four groups, including sociocultural anthropology, biological anthropology, archaeology and linguistic anthropology.
IMPORTANCE OF STUDYING SOCIOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY
1. The study of sociology and anthropology introduces us to various concepts and principles vital in our understanding of culture and society.
2. Through the study of these two disciplines, we are able to see ourselves as part of a larger social pattern. This expands our view of the world, thereby appreciating society and culture better.
3. This study will make us understand better why people of different groups and culture behave the way they do. Through this understanding, we may be able to adjust ourselves to their peculiar ways and patterns.
4. It will give us the insight that our group is different from others. Through this, we may be led to respect the identity and unique nature of other groups and members of such groups.
5. A study of these two sciences will be helpful in promoting inter-ethnic and cultural understanding. It can promote national unity and progress, and international understanding through the promotion and cross-cultural knowledge.
Introduction to Sociology and Anthropology by Dr. Epitacio S. Palispis